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welcome to Cuadernos De Jazz
Welcome to the web magazine that is dedicated to bringing you all of the latest news and happenings in the world of Jazz genre music.
You can check out all kinds of news as it relates to jazz music. From reviews of jazz concerts, all of those kinds of topics will be covered on this site. The primary focus of this online journal is that of the musical genre of jazz.
What is Jazz?
Jazz is a musical genre that originates in several African American rhythms and melodies. Through the past century, Jazz became very popular. It first gained widespread popularity in the turn of the last century, and ever since then, the genre of Jazz music has become popular all over the world.
The “San Francisco Bulletin” was the first medium of communication to have published the word jazz, when it appeared in an article of March 6, 1913, to mention the music that played an orchestra of the army. The first disc that included music definitely sounded like jazz, on the other hand, was edited in 1917 by the Original Dixieland Band.
The main characteristic of jazz is that it does not formally cling to a score, relying instead on improvisation and free interpretation. Usually, musicians play a familiar theme within a certain harmonic structure, beyond the freedoms in the execution.
This freedom of jazz artists explains why this genre does not record mass sales. The public is more accustomed to consuming music subordinated to the melody and structured with a refrain, as is the case of pop music.
The most habitual interpretation of jazz includes a solo instrument (like a trumpet) accompanied by a rhythm section (drums, bass, double bass) and harmonic instruments (piano, guitar). Jazz can be played by soloists as well as by trios, quartets or the so-called big bands of several members.
What are the influences of Jazz Music?
Jazz, a popular musical form, is the result of the meeting of various elements, some coming from black African-American vocal folklore ( blues, work songs, negro-spirituals, gospel songs ), others, music European ( marches, military music, ballroom dancing). In a way, the church and the brothel will have been the cradles of this culture and will have marked it with their respective characteristics of fervor and sensuality, spiritual aspiration and existential realism. Jazz affirms the particular sensitivity of the culturally hybrid black people of the United States, and the same goes for the universal definition of the genre as well.
The rhythms, the phrasing, the tonal system as well as certain elements of the harmonies of the blues come from the African music and the musical sense of the American blacks. Three fundamental elements distinguish jazz from European music.
Jazz may primarily be a music genre that was borne from the black culture of the United States. But jazz is born of all music, as it has continued to evolve and absorb other genres throughout its history. If we find in jazz, and especially in that of the 1920s, the trace of negro spirituals, the ragtime, and the blues, we perceive no less other musical influences, untraceable and varied.
Modern Jazz Music
Today jazz has lost all cultural or ethnic identification. He has travelled all over the world, from Europe to Japan, and has been appropriated by so many artists that we finally forget its origins. But New Orleans saloons or Harlem clubs, the style of Jazz keeps that insolent, bad boy style.
Although rather recent, jazz is often compared to old and baroque music. And rightly so, because the musicians of the past centuries, and in particular of the whole period preceding the invention of the printing, do not know any partitions. They interpret from memory, and improvisation then dictates performance. We listen and we adapt to others, we play together, without paper support.
How is jazz performed?
The small formations are often only occasional meetings, simple additions of soloists who came to improvise (we say: “make a jam session”), or meetings of musicians accustomed to “feel” together and improvising in the same spirit: the small “bop” formations. Some, on the contrary, show a pre-established disposition, either by tradition – thus the small formation “old style” is organized around the trio cornet piston – clarinet – trombone – or with an intention of understanding and the concern of an original sound: thus the small formations, reductions of the orchestra of Duke, the trio of Nat King Cole, the Modern Jazz Quartet of John Lewis.
The big orchestra – or “big band” – is established according to an almost immutable organization: four or five saxophones (alto, tenor, and baritone) and sometimes a clarinet, which constitute the section of reeds; a section of three or four trumpets, a section of three trombones, the rhythm section. This intangible disposition implies, on the musical level, an aesthetic little worn to the renewals in depth. So it is within the medium formations, richer in possibilities than the “combos” (small formations) and less institutionalized than the big bands, that the most innovative writing researchers have developed: such as the orchestra Capitol of Miles Davis or the Jazz Group of Paris by André Hodeir.
What is Music Journalism?
The music journalist can cover and write on all types of media. Radio, print media, web or TV, its expertise, and opinions adapt to all media. Specialist of a musical style, a musical journalist attends the concerts, showcase, and shows of artists entering his field of competence.
His opinion is important, read and listened to by his readers or listeners. Unlike other journalists, the content that it is written by a music journalist must be subjective, though honest. Without loving the music he listens to, he has to know if it’s good. It’s his criticism that other appreciate.
It is because of the reviews that are written by the music journalist that the readers will know which sort of new jazz or musical album that they should listen to. And they can also understand which kinds of events and concerts that they will need to attend in the future.
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